has played a seminal role in shaping the contemporary international
economic system. It has spurred economic growth, enhanced levels of
prosperity and helped lift millions out of poverty. Yet, inequality and
poverty persists, necessitating a coordinated, well-resourced and
integrated global approach to addressing a myriad of economic, social
and environmental challenges.
advocates for an international economic system that recognizes the
interdependence and amplifies the benefits of trade, finance,
investment, technology and development for all.
considers international trade as an engine for inclusive economic
growth, poverty eradication and the promotion of sustainable development. Pakistan continues to promote a universal rule based, open,
transparent, predictable, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral
emphasizes the importance of enhancing the scale of financing for
development and forging strong global partnerships to realize the SDGs' vision of leaving no one behind. Accordingly, Pakistan calls for
expanding North-South, South-South and triangular regional and
international cooperation, while taking into account that South-South
Cooperation is not a substitute, but a complement to North-South
Pakistan Mission works with, engages and advocates for its priorities,
perspectives and positions on economic and trade related issues at
various platforms including UN Conference on Trade and Development
(UNCTAD), International Trade Centre (ITC), South Centre, UN Economic
Commission in Europe (UNECE), World Intellectual Property Organization
(WIPO) and the Group of 77.
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD),
headquartered in Geneva, was established in 1964 as a permanent
intergovernmental body by the United Nations General
Assembly. 194 states are members of UNCTAD. The body has over 470 staff
and an annual regular budget of approximately US$69 million from the
United Nations, and on an average of US$30-40 million in extra-budgetary
technical assistance funds.
is mandated to pursue economic and sustainable development issues with a
focus on trade, finance, investment and technology. It helps developing
countries to participate equitably in the global economy. UNCTAD
conducts economic policy research, produces useful analyses and makes
policy recommendations to support government decision-making.
publishes a number of flagship reports: - Trade and Development Report -
World Investment Report - The Least Developed Countries Report -
Economic Development in Africa Report - Information Economy Report -
Technology and Innovation Report - Review of Maritime Transport.
is an active member of UNCTAD and has played an important role in
strengthening its mandate for the integrated treatment of trade and
interrelated issues in the areas of finance, technology, investment and
sustainable development through policy advice, policy analysis and
encourages UNCTAD to mobilize all means of implementation – financial
and human resources, technology and capacity building, including through
technical assistance to enable full implementation at all levels of the
multilateral commitments and targets agreed in 2015.
is an ardent supporter of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and
has aligned its long term vision with SDGs, providing a comprehensive
long-term strategy to achieve inclusive growth and sustainable
believes that the SDGs have the potential to end poverty, fight
inequality and protect the planet with a timeframe that reflects the
urgency of these issues.
For more information on Pakistan’s position on trade and development issues, please click here.
International Trade Centre (ITC)
in 1964, the International Trade Centre (ITC) is the joint agency of
the World Trade Organization and the United Nations, headquartered in
Geneva. All UN and WTO members are governing members of the ITC.
main focus is to facilitate SMEs connect with international markets and
businesses and to help improve their international competitiveness. The
Centre offers integrated solutions by building institutional,
managerial and entrepreneurial capacities simultaneously at government,
institutional and enterprise levels. It also works with the private
sector to support its capacity as buyers, investors, and providers of
ITC brings together public and private sector actors to jointly contribute to a conducive business environment.
Mission engages with the ITC and works as a liaison between it and
institutions, bodies and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
Established in 1947 by ECOSOC, the UNECE is one of five regional commissions of the United Nations.
UNECE facilitates greater economic integration and cooperation among
its fifty-six member States with a focus on sustainable development and
economic prosperity through policy dialogue, negotiation of
international legal instruments, development of regulations and norms,
exchange and application of best practices. The Commission also provides
economic and technical expertise to countries.
host to the UN conventions and agreements on road safety, the UNECE
supports cooperation for safer transport and works with countries to
build capacities for road safety plans.
The worldwide technical harmonization of vehicles
is governed by 1958 Agreement, introduced by the UNECE. The agreement
provides the legal and administrative context for establishing
international regulations with uniform standards. On 24 February 2020,
Pakistan acceded to the 1958 Vehicle Regulations agreement.
and UNECE are also working together to promote sustainable transport
which is safe, clean and competitive, through the development of freight
and personal mobility by inland transport modes, by improving traffic
safety, environmental performance, energy efficiency, inland transport
security and efficient service provision in the transport sector.
also hosts the Secretariat of the Customs Convention on the
International Transport of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets (TIR
Convention, 1975). The Convention facilitates the international carriage
of goods from one or more customs offices of departure to one or more
customs offices of destination (up to a total of four customs offices
departure and destination) and through as many countries as necessary.
As a rule, the vehicle remains sealed throughout the TIR transport and,
thus, goods are generally not inspected at border crossings. However,
customs authorities can inspect vehicles randomly, based on risk
management approach. The Convention applies to transport with road
vehicles, combination of vehicles as well as containers and allows for
the use of the TIR Carnet for all modes of transport, provided that some
portion of the journey is made by road.
2015, Pakistan deposited its instrument of accession to the TIR
Convention and became the sixty-ninth Contracting Party, paving the way
for inter-regional economic integration and connectivity, especially
along the regional trade corridors linking the 10 members of the
Economic Cooperation Organization (Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Turkey, and
Uzbekistan) which are all TIR Contracting Parties.
18 April 2018, the TIR system has become active for Pakistan. Pakistan
National Committee of the International Chamber of Commerce (PNC-ICC)
acts as TIR issuing and guaranteeing association for Pakistan.
in 1995, the South Centre is an intergovernmental policy research think
tank of developing countries based in Geneva, with currently 54
developing country member States from Africa, Asia-Pacific, and Latin
America and the Caribbean.
Centre conducts research on international development policy issues,
and provides analysis and advice on these issues to developing countries
for their effective participation in international negotiating
processes that are relevant to the achievement of SDGs.
Centre also supports technical assistance and capacity building
activities and promotes South-South cooperation through the sharing of
views and experiences. The Centre publishes books, research papers,
policy briefs, news bulletins and training papers.
South Centre also collaborates with research institutes and
universities working on sustainable development, climate change, global
governance, economic and social development, global economic conditions,
intellectual property, technology transfer, access to knowledge,
health, trade agreements and food security.
Pakistan is a founding member of the South Centre and an active advocate of South-South co-operation.
Mission works closely with the Centre in advancing common priorities,
exchange of experiences and fostering joint approaches with respect to
global economic, political and strategic issues at the intersection of
sustainable development, sovereignty and security. The Mission also
facilitates linkages between the South Centre and national research and
World Economic Forum (WEF)
in 1971 and headquartered in Geneva, the World Economic Forum (WEF) is
an International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation. The Forum
brings together business, political, academic, and other leaders of
society to shape global, regional, and industry agendas.
It is a membership-based organization, made up of the world's largest corporations.
organization hosts an annual meeting at the end of January in Davos
attended by over 2500 political and business leaders, economists,
celebrities and journalists for up to five days to discuss global
issues, across 500 public and private sessions.
organization also convenes some six to eight regional meetings each
year in locations across Africa, East Asia, Latin America, and South
Asia. It also holds two annual meetings in China and the United Arab
2020 focused on establishing stakeholder capitalism as a way of
addressing the world’s greatest challenges. Global trade issues, reform
of the international taxation regime and other economic challenges
weighing on the world economy remained the main topics of discussion at
various public and private forums.
has been actively engaged with WEF. Pakistani leadership has
participated in the annual meetings. The Prime Minister of Pakistan
attended the Forum in January 2020.